Reference: Mkandaŵile Sitwe Benson (2010) Branches and Levels of Literacy Analysis – Extracted from the Paper presented at the Linguistics Association of Southern African Universities (LASU) in Zambia, hosted by the University of Zambia.
Conventional Literacy is a branch or level of literacy analysis that involve emergent literacy and initial literacy. Conventional literacy refers to reading, writing, and spelling of text in a conventional manner. This suggests that conventional literacy has more particularly to do with skills associated with reading and writing of particular texts in a particular language. McGee and Richgels (1996:30) describe the use of conventional literacy in terms of the behavior manifested by readers. They say "Conventional readers and writers read and write in ways that most people in our literate society recognize as 'really' reading and writing. For example, they use a variety of reading strategies, know hundreds of sight words, read texts written in a variety of structures, are aware of audience, monitor their own performances as writers and readers, and spell conventionally."